In order to realise the full potential of lithium ion batteries in a clean energy future,  it is essential that we consider all stages and external aspects of the supply chain, including: availability and competing demands, clean technologies for extraction and processing, enforceable legal frameworks to protect the environment and finally an economic framework that ensures maximum utility from this limited resource. The following symposium themes have been designed to address these crucial facets.

Theme 1: Lithium outlook – reserves, demands and markets

  • The future of lithium (supply and demand)
  • The sustainability of lithium business (the lithium rush)
  • Advent of energy storage technologies beyond Li-ion batteries (should the lithium business be concerned or excited?)
    - Implications of developing batteries with no lithium (e.g. batteries with unconventional materials such as Na-Sulfur, Zinc-air)
    - Effects of developing batteries with more lithium (e.g. lithium-metal based batteries such as Lithium-Sulfur, Li-Air)
  • Various industrial uses of lithium (e.g. lubricant, glass, medical)
  • London Metals Exchange

Theme 2: Building better processing – a materials perspective

  •  Lithium extraction processes
    - Non-commercial routes
    - Traditional routes
    - Direct lithium extraction
  • Recent development in ion selective devices (e.g. MOF based membranes)
  • Lithium anode protection in Lithium-metal based batteries (e.g. artificial SEI layers, Electrolyte additives)
  • Permselective separators in Lithium-metal based batteries (e.g. aafion, graphene oxide)
  • Recent trends in the use of lithium-based metal oxide materials (e.g.  LixNa2− xV2O6 or LiVP2O7 as the cathode in Li-ion battery)

Theme 3: Sustainable governance of the lithium industry (people, land and water)

  • Human rights and community relations in lithium extraction
  • Sustainable policy-making
  • The environmental impact of lithium mining
  • The environmental cost of lithium-ion battery production

Theme 4: Circular economy

  • Repurposing used Li-ion batteries (e.g. EV to grid)
  • Redesigning E-products
  • Using renewable energy for lithium production
  • Recovering lithium from waste (e.g. methods, cost benefit)
  • Health and safety concerns associated with battery recycling (e.g. volatile minerals, toxic solvents)
  • Product stewardship – cradle to cradle
  • Disruptive business models – lease not buy